OAK QUARTER SAWN Single Waney Natural Live Edge Board 1245C-4A Thickness 5cm Kiln Dried Planed & Thicknessed Seasoned Hardwood
UK DELIVERY COST : £ 46
ESTIMATED DELIVERY TIME : 1 WEEK
COMBINED SHIPPING OPTIONS MAY BE AVAILABLE ON THIS PRODUCT – please contact us before ordering if purchasing more than 1 product. If you place the order first we can still reimburse if applicable but it will be via a coupon discount off your next order.
or – CLICK & COLLECT from the Lanarkshire store (ML11 8LL) within 10 days – . Please bring a copy of your receipt/invoice.
NB we NO LONGER ACCEPT ARRANGING YOUR OWN COURIER instead of collecting personally as an option. See Section 3, below, for further info.
CLICK FOR FURTHER INFO ON THE FOLLOWING SUBJECTS OR SCROLL DOWN:
Length (cm): 120
Width (cm) :
minimum…including waney edge: 46
maximum..including waney edge: 51
average*….including waney edge: 48
Thickness (cm): 5
Total Net Product Weight (KG): 23
dimension notes :
- * ‘average’ width is used mainly for our use in calculating the area or volume of the board for pricing purposes and is an approximate estimate.
- All sizes are to the nearest centimetre. They are generous so boards are usually supplied a few mm longer than stated, often 0.5cm longer, to allow for trimming of scuffed and dented ends of boards from handling in our shop.
- Where there is more than 1 board in the batch, ie a 2 board river set, the minimum value will be the narrowest of the 2 boards; the maximum the widest part of the 2 boards.
- If you would like further measurements supplied of the board(s) at any particular point, please just ask. Otherwise we expect you to scale off the picture using the metre rule in the main picture and the given measurements.
- Our Webshop is set in centimetres by popular request. We are happy to talk also in feet, inches, metres or millimetres.
- Length is the measurement along the grain, following the tree from ground level upwards and usually the largest measurement.
- Width is the measurement across the grain, usually the second largest measurement, often described as ‘depth’ which should only be applied to finished items of furniture such as cabinets and shelves when referring to the distance out into the room from the wall or back of the piece.
- Widths of live / waney edge boards are taken out to the extreme edge of the bark or wane portion. If you want a separate measurement of the flat machined area only at a given point, or the dimension of a parallel cut board that can be cut out of a waney one, just ask and we will go and measure and reply quickly.
- Thickness is the smallest measurement, also across the grain, seen as the measurement across the edge or end of a board.
- In square sections, width and thickness are the same.
2. TREE PROVENANCE & SUSTAINABILITY
BOARD(S) ALL FROM ONE TREE WHICH GREW AT: PITCOX, DUNBAR, EAST LOTHIAN, UK
provenance & tree number notes :
Every one of our boards has a unique number, such as 1372A-6, with a record of its provenance and sequence within the tree. All from tree number 1372 in this example, which records the individual tree, where it grew and lived its life on a particular estate/woodland/garden in the UK which Lanarkshire Hardwoods / The Wood Place buys from. We display the locality and sometimes the actual location. Please contact us if you seek further details on the location / provenance of any particular tree / board.
‘1372A-6’ means it is the 6th board or slice cut from the first length of the tree originating nearest the stump/ground – ‘A’. The A length, the first length, is the best piece in any tree, often referred to as the ‘butt’ in timber trade technology, when it is of prime quality.
B would be the second length if the tree was big enough or of sufficient quality, rarity or general interest to cut another section from further up the tree, usually above the first branch.
C, D etc etc getting smaller and usually more bendy and less stable as you go higher up the tree. The higher the letter, the further up the tree the timber is from and the more likely it will be that there are knots or wild grain with more tension, leading to less stable timber – ie boards are more likely to warp when exposed to moisture content changes or when cut into smaller sections, altering the tensions in the board.
Board numbers, as in ‘6’ in this example, are in most cases indicative of consecutive cuts or slices of the log /tree /butt at the sawmill so board number 5 and 7 could be considered as bookmatched consecutive boards to number 6. However this is not always the case, as many logs are rotated through 90 or 180 or 270 degrees on the sawmill in the course of the milling, and board numbers will continue after the rotation.
Some boards are further cut into smaller sections after planing and in such cases board no 6 might become 6A and 6B. Bookmatched pairs may be described as 5/6 or 5A/6A.
Patrick Baxter of Lanarkshire Hardwoods / The Wood Place introduced this system shortly after taking in the first trees he bought in the early 1990s. Every tree now bought is immediately recorded and given its unique number, one higher than the last. Thus at time of writing in 2020 we are now at our 1600th tree, a small number in commercial sawmilling terms. Big enough to have allowed great experience to build but small enough to remember the history and provenance behind every single one and treat each tree with the respect it deserves, to continue to provide use and enjoyment to many for generations.
sustainability notes :
Patrick visits every woodland to view, measure and record every individual tree before purchasing, checking for sustainability of the source.
He looks at the re-planting or natural regeneration aspects on the site and reasons for felling if the trees are not naturally wind blown.
He checks felling licences if applicable and sensitivity for the landscape during extraction.
We only use approved sustainable and reliable sources.
Patrick Baxter / The Wood Place / Lanarkshire Hardwoods are founding members of Scottish Working Woods; Scottish Working Woods (SWW) is an organisation with a licenced label scheme to encourage and support the use of all things made from Scottish woodland produce. Whilst based in Scotland SWW is more essentially interested in the idea of LOCAL & LOW MILES ETHICAL SUSTAINABLE
trading of wood and wood products between small businesses and the public. We source most of our timber from within a 100 mile radius of the sawmill and the vast bulk within 50.
Read more about it Scottish Working Woods here http://www.scottishworkingwoods.org.uk
3. DELIVERY INFORMATION
ESTIMATED DELIVERY TIME : 1 WEEK
a) DELIVERY TIMES :
LATEST coronavirus STATUS UPDATE – PLEASE VIEW OUR NEWS PAGE FOR OUR MOST UP TO DATE STATUS ON ONLINE ORDERS, DELIVERIES, CUSTOMER COLLECTIONS, STORE OPENING/CLOSURES.
We will state the estimated delivery time window for UK mainland standard postcodes near the top of the product description for each product for all newly listed products.
Typically this will be 1 week for simple to box and send goods, 1-2 weeks for goods that are a bit more problematic to wrap/box or find a courier for, and 2-4 weeks is reserved for the big, awkward tabletop slabs or fragile items that need very special couriers or to be delivered by us personally, and /or extra special packaging / crating etc.
please contact us if you would like a more exact time window – but our shipping options are limited due to the size of most products’ packages being more than 1m long, and usually overweight, so the modern attractive delivery info & windows are not available from the couriers on these sizes and weights. We will do our best to estimate as closely as possible the delivery day / window and may sometimes be able to forward courier tracking info after booking and collection has taken place.
b) COLLECTING YOUR OWN GOODS / COLLECT IN STORE
We welcome CLICK & COLLECT from the Lanarkshire store (ML11 8LL) within 10 days – select this option at checkout. NO CHARGE for buyer collections only. We may need to charge a small fee if you want us to store boards for much longer. Please bring a copy of your receipt/invoice as proof of purchase when you collect – can be on your phone etc.
we are very keen to encourage customers to collect their own goods that they have ordered online. You don’t need to make an appointment*, just turn up during the listed store opening hours on the Home Page. If totally unsuitable, please make an appointment for another time. *NB until further notice, during covid restrictions / probably all 0f 2020, please MAKE AN APPOINTMENT FOR COLLECTIONS.
We are happy to keep goods for up to approx 10 working days / a fortnight; if it is likely to be any longer, please make special arrangements with us.
NB we NO LONGER ACCEPT ARRANGING YOUR OWN COURIER instead of collecting personally as an option.
You can send a friend etc but the goods must be in safe hands of someone you know and trust and not at the mercy of professional couriers.
If the goods are to be delivered by courier we will arrange that with trusted couriers and appropriate packaging;
our cost and timescale for doing so reflects the true cost of doing the job properly and on our terms –
any perceived savings would be at the expense of our quality and reliability of service.
Also bear in mind our shipping cost includes our 100% money back or product replacement guarantee should anything go wrong with any delivery arranged by ourselves.
c) SIGNING FOR GOODS ETC :
Most goods will need a signature on delivery. THIS IS LIFTED ACROSS MOST SERVICES DURING THE COVID-19 PERIOD, so you can ignore most of the considerations re signing this page is meant to address.
Most goods will be too big or heavy to be given a time slot or no-signature options by the courier.
If you are not sure if you are going to be in please try one of the following:
- put an alternative delivery address in the delivery section at checkout.
- if your board is 115cm or less and 12kg or less let us know if you would be happy for it to go via hermes, which takes approx 3 or 4 days longer but doesnt require a signature. You can also give us a where to leave goods if out instruction. Usually we will otherwise send by tnt as it is much quicker and has a bit better tracking, but does require signature.
- boards longer than 115cm / overweght, you can instruct us to cut shorter so that they may go by 1 or 2 hermes parcels and therefore follow the above hermes route.
You will receive an email from us the day the goods are dispatched to say they are on their way. Most goods are sent out on TNT overnight next day so usually you will receive goods the day after the dispatch email. If it is a busy period or you are quite remote it is usually 2 days. Usually you will receive some additional info from the courier – TNT will text you on the morning of delivery if it is booked as out for delivery, although at very busy times that doesn’t guarantee delivery that day.
d) OVERSIZE BOARDS – Large Boards of 295cm or longer, or 30KG and over
will usually have to be palletised or crated or otherwise carry special delivery arrangements, so expect approx a 2 to 4 week delivery time.
Unloading: Some couriers may want assistance with heavy boards, if they allow it. Most likely they will deliver to kerbside only on a pallet and not into your house etc. If we deliver personally we will also only bring the board as close as our delivery vehicle can get to your door but if it is a board of over 30kg you will need to have a sufficient team of helpers ready to unload and carry the board to wherever you want it. If the unloading area is concreted, tarmac or otherwise smooth slabbed, and flat, if advised we can bring a suitable trolley to move the board closer.
You will be contacted asap after ordering by Patrick for confirmation of these details, or feel free to enquire before ordering.
Longer boards may be cut shorter to fit a lower category and in extreme length or weight instances this may allow for a reduction in the shipping charges, on request.
e) Holidays / delays:
SEE THE LANARKSHIRE STORE PAGE FOR FORTHCOMING HOLIDAYS which may result in delays to dispatch and delivery times. (usually school holidays)
MORE DELIVERY information can be viewed here –
4. CUTTING SERVICES
We are happy to crosscut boards in half (halving the length, 2 equal lengths) free of charge prior to dispatch.
Other cutting services are chargeable, see SERVICES page –
These are, briefly, a) crosscuts that are not exactly at the half-length point. b) rip cuts. We do not offer resawing as standard (resawing = cutting a 5cm thick board into 2 x 2.5ish cm thick boards)
5. SEASONING & MOISTURE CONTENT INFORMATION
This is a ‘kiln dried’ product and the moisture content level should be between 6 to 10%, average 8 to 9, which is good for a typical central heated home. We don’t check every board but a board in every batch is always checked for consistency and measured right into the core. Some small pockets within a board or the batch may vary but on the whole you can be assured that consistent dryness throughout is the chief aim of our timber business and it’s reason for being. We have had a few product complaints over the decades but not one single complaint about timber not being dry enough (please note here * ,below, if your timber appears to have warped).
Further small shrinkage sometimes occurs on boards used as beams, mantels and shelves above hot woodburning stoves.
*If you store or work on our wood in a cold, damp garage, shed or workshop our timber it will absorb moisture, expand and warp, as it is conditioned for an interior central heated atmosphere.
If some warping or cupping is acceptable for rustic use, you can use our boards outside for signs and garden furniture etc. but they are intended for a central heated interior environment.
Wrapping in cling film or pallet wrap will reduce the effects of dampness if you need to store in a shed/garage etc. Use a dehumidifier in your workspace if it is necessary to minimise dampness – even small domestic ones make a huge difference but you will need to keep the space at a minimum of 10 degrees C to get any decent moisture removal.
We slowly air dry the wood for about 12 to 18 months for every 2.5cm / inch of board thickness, 24 months for oak.
We then use the kiln only to finish off the seasoning process over a slow 4 to 8 week cycle on average, sometimes longer. So although our wood is sold as ‘kiln-dried’ we prefer to think of it as slow air-dried, kiln-finished.
As a result The Wood Place / Lanarkshire Hardwoods timber is slow dried and thoroughly seasoned.
Consequently our timber stays flat and stable in a wide range of environments.
Any movement due to moisture content changes, up or down, is minimal due to our traditional and extremely thorough seasoning process.
6. BOARD FINISH INFORMATION
Supplied in Planed & Thicknessed Finish.
PLANED & THICKNESSED FINISH Boards will have been planed or milled flat firstly on one face then flipped and milled again, calibrated to a uniform thickness within a max range of plus/minus 5mm, usually within the range plus/minus 1mm. Planed finish boards need further sanding by the customer (or us, on request) to achieve a perfect finish – about 0.5 to 1mm of material needs to be removed to eliminate the machining marks in most cases, and we recommend going up to 320 grit for good furniture.
One face, the one with the price label showing, will have been selected as the best face and will have a better planed finish with less tears usually.
Additionally some localised sunken patches of un-planed/milled areas may be present if removing these would have reduced the overall board thickness too much, de-stabilising or spoiling the look of the board. These will normally be on the reverse side if at all.
We will picture some non-planed areas in the product pictures but the image of one such area does not mean it is the only single area, merely that the board has one or more like this. They should be easy to see as being a different colour.
COARSE SANDED FINISH BOARDS: if listed as ‘COARSE SANDED’ above, after the standard Planed & Thicknessed Finish service, the label face will have been coarse sanded (40 grit) to remove all or most planing/machining/ milling marks, which may still show in the photograph of the reverse face. The boards may pick up scuff marks etc from normal handling around the shop. We don’t guarantee a perfect finish but the coarse sanded boards do save the customer a lot of time in preparation. Coarse Sanded Finish boards need further sanding by the customer (or us, on request) to achieve a perfect finish – we recommend going up to 320 grit for good furniture.
The grain features present in a board such as ripple and flame are often subdued in appearance by coarse sanding compared with a planed finish, so expect the boards to really come alive when they are fine finished.
Colour : be advised that the boards are pictured and supplied as standard unpolished and all timbers will darken on application of most polish types. Grain & figure will also be enhanced. Polished sample pictures are available on the wood types pages, accessible from the footer of the homepage.
When available sample pictures of a similar board in the batch which has been fine sanded finished and oiled will be added to the list of product pictures.
7. WOOD TYPE INFORMATION
Oak is the most commonly used native Hardwood in the UK, mainly out of tradition – it was frequently used in centuries past for several reasons – the dense hard wood being very durable to moisture makes it a good building material and the difficult to dent timber means it is good for flooring and hard-wearing tabletops. A convenient reason for use before the age of efficient saws and sawmills was its ability to be cleft, that is split into rough boards down the length of the grain with wedges, then worked flat with planes or adzes for furniture and flooring. The resultant cleft timber would always follow the grain perfectly, revealing the silvery medullary rays on the face and the bonus of such boards being that they are very stable with little shrinkage and warping potential. Boards produced these days at a sawmill with the same silver rays effect showing to varying degrees on the sawn surface are called ‘quarter sawn’ and have a higher value than ‘crown cut’ boards, and usefully any wood type / species cut quarter sawn will be very much more stable, not just oak.
Very large diameter old growth UK oaks cut on the quarter can yield very fine wide boards of stable timber showing a richly coloured board with attractive strong presence of silver medullary rays and often a ripple or flame pattern. However some trees just present a much stronger display of rays than others, due to the thickness, spacing and structure of the rays in a particular tree, which may vary due to genes or local growing conditions.
Oak is not an easy timber to work as it blunts tools quickly and is so hard it is difficult to sand smooth. The edges splinter easily so gloves are often wise when handling oak. Boards of any thickness can sometimes show patchy colour in the core, possibly a side effect of the slow seasoning process. Our boards are given 2 years per inch/25mm of board thickness to season. Oak generally has a large movement in service so will warp/twist/cup/bow readily with small changes in moisture (far less so with quarter sawn) and ends will split / check if boards are put too near to high heat sources.
All forms of oak take polish well and as the timber is so naturally dense and oily, polishes do not soak in far and so not many coats are required to fill the grain. Needless to say a Danish oil finish compliments oak well. The sapwood – the paler parts near the bark – is not durable, or strong and is very absorbent of polish and stain. It can still be used in rustic waney edge projects but will take a lot more polish than the much denser heartwood.
If staining oak, an old tradition is to ‘fume’ it using a saucer of ammonia in a plastic ‘tent’ or sealed box. Different timings produce different shades of brown, depending on the amount of natural tannin in the oak being used. It is generally, however, a more even and natural looking stain to any painted on type.